The Moselle flows through France, Luxembourg and Germany past pitoresque medieval towns and vertiginous hillsides filled with vines. It meanders leisurely from place to place, holding in store sights of fairy-tale castles or fortresses, some destroyed by long-ago battles or lovingly restored and maintained. Around every bend in the river, wine restaurants and small towns glued to the hillsides await, where time seems to stand still.
Story, Camera, Edit : Bert Schwarz
© reisemagazin TV 2020
At the exit of the «Cochemer Krampen», an arch of the Moselle more than 20 km long, lies the district town of Cochem at the mouth of the Endertbach with the district of Cond on the opposite side of the Moselle. It is the tourist center between Trier and Koblenz. Like many places along the Moselle, Cochem was settled by the Celts and then by the Romans before it was first mentioned in a document in 886.
The castle construction, on whatever foundations, is said to date from the beginning of the 11th century. In 1294 the castle came under the rule of the Trier. The energetic Elector Balduin had it extended to a strong fortress and the place became a Electorate office. A chain was used to block the Moselle River, on which customs duties were levied. In 1332 the village received town rights.
A particularly bad year was 1689, when the troops of Louis XIV conquered and burned down the town and castle. The town recovered, but the castle remained destroyed. It was a "crazy townsman" who bought the ruin in 1866 and began rebuilding it: Berlin's Kommerzienrat Ravené. Today, an important Cochem street is named after the castle romantic, back then the winegrowers probably laughed their heads off at him. In 1877 the work was completed, the castle served the Ravené family as a summer residence.
Today, no one laughs anymore, the Reichsburg belongs to the city of Cochem, it has become a (tourist) symbol for the city, and also for German castle romance par excellence.
That even ruins can have their charm is shown by the remains of Winneburg Castle in the Endert Valley, which, like the Reichsburg, was destroyed in 1689 but failed to find a lover to rebuild it.