Burg Eltz is a castle buit on a hill during the 12th century. It is located in the valley of the Elz creek, which separates the Maifeld from the Eifel, south of the village on the boundary of the local municipality Wierschem in Rhineland-Palatinate at 320 m altitude. The building is one of the best-known castles in Germany. Like Bürresheim Castle and Lissingen Castle, it is one of those fortifications in the Eifel that could never be conquered.
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This castle is exceptional for many different reasons. In order to really appreciate this, you will have to study the history of this place, even if it is usually rather boring. Comprehensive, and especially with the dates, you will find information on Wikipedia, which we only want to mention here.
The castle in the Elz creek (Elzbach) valley (also known as Elz) was probably built at the beginning of the 12th century on a trade route between the Moselle countryside and the fertile Maifeld. The name Eltz was first mentioned in 1157 in a deed of donation of Frederick I Barbarossa, in which "Rudolphus de Elze" appears as a witness. The late Romanesque keep Platt-Eltz and remains of the Romanesque house are still preserved today.
The castle is surrounded on three sides by the river Elz and rises on an elliptical rock head up to 70 metres high. The builders were guided by the shape of the rock formation. This resulted in the partly unusual floor plans of the individual rooms.
The first tribal division of the lords of Eltz took place before 1268 between the brothers Elias, Wilhelm and Theoderich, whereby the castle and the associated estates were divided among the three brothers.