Castles - Palaces - Manor Houses

Eltz Castle

by Bert Schwarz

The Eltz castle is an elevated castle from the 12th century. It is located in the valley of the Elz creek, which separates the Maifeld from the Eifel, south of the village on the boundary of the local community of Wierschem in Rhineland-Palatinate at an altitude of 320 m. The building is one of the most famous castles in Germany. Like Bürresheim Castle and Lissingen Castle, it is one of those fortifications in the Eifel that could never be conquered.

Eltz Castle

Story, Camera, Editor : Bert Schwarz

© travel-magazine TV 2016

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This castle is exceptional for many different reasons. To really appreciate this, you have to study the history of this place, even if it is usually rather boring. Comprehensive, and especially with the dates, you will find information on Wikipedia, which we only want to touch on here.

The castle in the valley of the Elzbach (also: Elz) was probably built at the beginning of the 12th century on a trade route between the Moselle region and the fertile May field. The name Eltz is first mentioned in 1157 in a deed of donation of Frederick I. Barbarossa, in which "Rudolphus de Elze" appears as a witness. The late Romanesque keep Platt-Eltz and remains of the Romanesque residential house are still preserved today.

© Bearbeitung: Bert Schwarz
Burg Eltz © Bert Schwarz

The castle is surrounded on three sides by the river Elz and rises up on an elliptical rocky outcrop up to 70 meters high. The builders based their design on the shape of the rock formation. This resulted in the sometimes unusual floor plans of the individual rooms.

A first tribal division of the lords of Eltz occurred before 1268 under the brothers Elias, Wilhelm and Theoderich, whereby the castle and the associated estates were divided among the three brothers.